Wonder spices or commonly known as chilli is one of the most important commercial spice crop and is used worldwide. There are various varieties which are cultivated for varied uses like daily vegetable, pickles, spice and condiments. The botanically name of Chilli is Capsicum annuum L.; Capsicum frutescene L., also known as red pepper belongs to the genus capsicum, under the solanaceae family. The place of origination of red pepper is considered to be in South America. One will be surprised to know that there are more than 400 different varieties of chillies found all over the world.
There are many names with which people call it; they refer it to as chillies, chile, hot peppers, bell peppers, red peppers, pod peppers, cayenne peppers, paprika, pimento, and capsicum in different parts of the world. Chillies are integral and the most important ingredient in many different cuisines around the world as it adds pungency, taste, flavour and color to the dishes.
Indian chilli is famous in the world for two important commercial qualities— its colour/texture and pungency levels. Some varieties are famous for the red colour because of the pigment Capsanthin and others are known for biting pungency attributed to capsaicin. The other quality parameters in chilli are length, width and skin thickness. Chillies are rich in vitamins, especially in vitamin A and C. They are also packed with potassium, magnesium and iron.
Did you know?
The world’s hottest chilli “Naga Jolokia” is cultivated in hilly terrain of Assam in a small town Tezpur, India.
Chilli occupies an important place in Indian diet. It is an indispensable item in the kitchen, as it is consumed daily as a condiment in one form or the other. Major usage of chilli is in
Did you know?
Fresh Chilli peppers are very rich in vitamin C: i.e. 111.0 mg. per 74 grams in comparison to only 37 mg. in oranges, which makes them very effective as immune system stimulants and healing agents especially for cellular damage.
India accounts to be 38% of world share in chilli production. India is not only the largest producer but also the largest consumer of chilli in the world. In India, Chillies are grown in almost all the state throughout the country. Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer, contributes about 57%, Karnataka contributes 12% and many other states contribute to India’s chilli production.
There are several varieties of chilies grown in India like Moti Mirchi from Bihar, Punjab Lal from Himachal, Jwala from Tripura etc.
Climate for Chilli farming
Chilli is a tropical and sub tropical region plant. It grows well in warm and humid climate and temperature in between 20*-25*C. As a rain crop, it is grown in areas receiving an annual precipitation of 25-30 inches.
Best Suitable Soil
Chilli can be grown in varied range of soils, but black soil is best suitable as it retains moisture for longer period. Drained soil, deltaic soil and sandy loams are also considered good for its production. Chilli crop for kharif sown in May-June and for summer it is sown in month of January.
We at Zoff procure best of the variety direct from farmers to bring you the fresh and pure taste of Chillies.
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